Doctors warn before the end of the year. They say that alcohol does not benefit the body even in small quantities. This has been proven by two extensive studies.
Alcohol in small doses is not harmful in any amount. Are you following this buzz from Lemonade Joe?
Then be aware that a rogue statement by Hogo Fogo last year denied metastudy involving dozens of scientists and summarizing the results of more than 600 works from 1990 to 2016. She concluded that even small doses of alcohol led to the development of serious diseases.
The conclusions of this study are confirmed by a new Japanese work under the guidance of physician Masayoshi Zaitsu. Just like last year's study, the Japanese study dealt with a large data set – this time, cancer cases between 2005 and 2016, which included 63232 cancer patients and 63232 healthy patients of identical gender and age.
The data showed that even low alcohol consumption, which is two standard glasses or less per day, will increase the risk of virtually all cancers. (Ten grams of pure ethyl alcohol are considered as one standard glass or one standard drink.)
This conclusion is not only valid for liver or intestinal tumors, but otherwise for almost all cancers – including lung, stomach, and gastrointestinal cancers. Breast and prostate cancer have also been avoided.
The study did not examine the mechanism that increases the risk of cancer. She didn't have to, because she is well known. When you drink alcohol, the body gradually metabolizes it to acetaldehyde – a substance that causes a hangover.
The late onset of a hangover after the first glass is due to the fact that the body must first make acetaldehyde from the alcohol.
Unfortunately, a hangover is not the only product of acetaldehyde. The compound also damages DNA. And although DNA can repair itself, it doesn't always work. It is DNA damage that can lead to the formation of a tumor cell and thus a tumor.
A few years ago it was said that a glass of wine after a meal helps digestion and cardiovascular activity. Today, experts with similar popular recommendations are more restrained.
It turns out that many of the original thesis about the benefits of alcohol were pure myths. In addition, new risks arise in the form of the influence of alcohol on the higher risk of cancer.
In the long term, it is not recommended to drink more than one glass of alcohol a day for women and two glasses for men. As Japan shows, this recommendation is likely to be reduced over time, as this dose also clearly increases the risk of cancer.
On the other hand, calling for a ban on alcohol is not reasonable. Alcohol is a socially accepted drug, acts as a social lubricant, and a general ban, albeit gradual, would create a black market and unregulated illegal distillers. The 1920s in the United States clearly illustrated that switching from one extreme to another does not help.
What makes sense, however, is the reasonable limitation of alcohol, the effort to replace it with substitutes and, in the case of severe overuse, expert assistance.
The study was published in a journal Cancer.