What is the first gateway for the election of lawmakers? 'Issuing paper documents'. Nominations are made afterwards, and registration as a candidate for the Election Commission is made after the submission of paper documents. The same goes for prospective candidates. There are over 20 types of documents. No Internet issuance, and security programs must be installed in each competent authority. Even if you visit the government office, it is not issued in one place. Even if you sell the product and submit the documents, it cannot be verified properly, and the possibility of counterfeiting cannot be ruled out. At this point, the pride of becoming 'No. 1 in e-government' becomes colorless, and you can even think, 'Why do you do this?'
If you look at the submitted documents, you can broadly divide them into education, income and tax, and morality. For academic achievement, submit the final school graduation certificate. The final academic background (school) is confirmed, but the school before the final school is not verified. Tax payments require you to provide proof of tax payments and arrears over the past five years. It is divided into income tax, local tax, and general real estate tax, and is divided into National Tax Service and local government.
If there are two or more real estate locations, the jurisdiction is added. Submit the taxation certificate for each local tax item. 'Proof of property tax payment and arrears' is requested separately, but is not issued by the government. Even if you visit the resident center, there are few issuers for public office candidates, so the person in charge often doesn't know if you have such a certificate. A pension subscription statement and confirmation of payment of National Health Insurance premiums are also required. It is judged to be used to check work, income, and how to deal with the national pension or health insurance if you are unemployed, but there is a inconvenience in that you need to add an item or click due to different agencies.
Property verification is more complex. In accordance with the Public Officials' Ethics Act, real estate is calculated by checking land and building prices separately, and in the case of charter or monthly rent deposits. The value of the car must be viewed and recorded on the Insurance Development Institute website. Deposits, securities, bonds, etc. must be reported on the entire account.
Morality verification consists of military service, criminal history, resident registration and family relations. The military certificate is handled by the Military Manpower Administration, but issuance is not immediate. It is difficult to understand why issuance is not instantaneous even though it is computerized. If there is a family member serving, the commander is required to issue it, which adds to the inconvenience. The criminal history is the responsibility of the National Police Agency. Again, the issuance is not immediate. The certificate only reflects the result level of the previous inquiry, but it is not issued immediately even though there is no significant difference from the results of the computer inquiry.
Resident registration, etc. must be submitted to both candidates (applicants) and spouses. It is judged that the herbal is intended to determine the transfer of camouflage based on details such as address transfer. A family relationship certificate, basic certificate, and marriage relationship certificate must also be submitted. These certificates can be issued immediately on the Internet, but because of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, the site is different and security programs need to be installed separately.
There is an alternative. It is a way to utilize the 'shared use of administrative information' established by the e-government project. When filling out the application form, the consent of the candidate is obtained and the government agency or public agency checks it instead. It is a system that reduces the issuance and distribution of paper documents, as well as solves the latest information, prevention of forgery of documents, and simplification of administrative processing. Under current legislation, political parties may have a complement to the requirements for use, but they can do so, if the Commission has confirmed it. Most of the applicants for nominations in the district can be registered at a point in time as the preliminary candidate is registered first. If you can add documents that differ from the National Election Commission by political party as 'others', you can operate them flexibly. If the submission of documents is simplified, candidate registration can also be activated.
If you can build a computerized system for applying for candidates and make the entire candidate application online, you can complete a truly e-democracy. Once established, it will be able to spread to local elections, superintendent elections, and other elections conducted by the NEC, such as the NACF. The possibility of counterfeiting can be prevented by only obtaining information consent based on joint use of administrative information based on candidate verification. The beginning of the 4th industrial revolution is the implementation of e-government of documents submitted by public officials. Digital political parties, electronic democracy, and the fourth industrial revolution are more practical than words. It is natural that the leaders of the nation elected by the people will take the lead.
Sung-im Lim, Professor of Public Human Resources and Urban Administration, Seokyeong University email@example.com