The Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda has produced a guide for “establish sanitary security measures in the use of public transport. “The ministry led by José Luis Ábalos admits that the measures” will have a direct impact on the operating conditions and a decrease in the capacity of the usual transport services. “
The Ministry's proposals start from the fact that “recommended levels of occupancy in collective public transport must be achieved according to sanitary criteria.” In this way they propose “50% of occupation of the seated places” and that there be “two users per square meter in the case of transport where the displacement is done standing up”.
In addition, the department headed by Ábalos defines a series of protection measures to be adopted during the use of transport, such as the “high recommendation for the use of masks in transport”, the installation of hydrogel dispensers in large exchangers, maintaining the maximum possible distance between travelers and avoid crowds. While for the operators of public transport lines it is recommended that the first row of seats on the bus be locked to protect the ducts, the use of protective screens also for the driver, that there are rear door entrances when possible, that the sale of tickets is by machines and ordering flows in the transport terminals and in the rise and fall of the train or bus as well as specific plans for cleaning and disinfecting stops and stations.
The Ministry makes these recommendations to the autonomous communities that it asks to calculate “different scenarios associated with the de-escalation phases that are established with the incorporation of different sectors of activity.” Thus, regional and local administrations “should collect the best information available in each urban and metropolitan nucleus on the characterization of global mobility in the usual scenario prior to the crisis.”
In order to make an adequate calculation, the Ministry recalls that “estimates based on experience and available information should be taken into account, as well as the foreseeable situation in the workplace and employment as a consequence of the health crisis, fundamentally those related to the teleworking, but without taking into account possible additional demand management measures. “
Faced with occupancy restrictions, the Government proposes to increase the level of supply: the increase in frequencies of public transport services through the possibility of reinforcing with discretionary or intercity buses on main axes or shuttle services, establishing shuttle buses that connect to critical points such as work centers, more mobile hospitals, the creation of temporary bus lanes or bus / VAO in the main access roads to the city, the promotion of cycling and micro-mobility with the creation of temporary bicycle lanes and zones 30 or facilitating the offer of bicycle and shared electric scooters, in addition to including taxis and VTCs and facilitating the use of car-sharing.