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Like all European countries, Italy is immersed in the economic as well as in the health emergency.
Like everyone, and first of all, it is moving on fronts that are now the common heritage of economic policies around the world: liquidity injections into the business system, suspension of obligations, indemnities and layoffs.
Like everyone, it deals with strategic issues such as public debt, the defense of strategic assets, the conversion of industries towards the production needed to face the pandemic.
And even if still immersed in the health and economic emergency, however, the time is approaching to start thinking about the 'after'. The definition of that “Marshall Plan” that awaits this generation after a war as invisible as it is disastrous for our economies: according to Confindustria's calculations, it would be 100 billion per month the damage to the Italian economy; the fall in German GDP could even be 20%, according to the IFO study center.
An 'after' that, everyone says, must be, and will be profoundly different from today. Because COVID has made it clear, in its dramatic light, many things that must not be returned, that must be overcome, such as the 'breakdowns' of the world.
First of all, the vulnerability of the international trade system and global supply chains (and not only for the 'black swan') is noticed with the awakening of nationalist protectionism. We understand today that some urgencies that found space only in official communications and expert analyzes are, however, in the 'living flesh' of citizenship: we think of what seemed to be 'technocratic litanies' such as the centrality of the network for growth and the cohesion of a territory or the continuous reference to the importance of strengthening remote services for citizens, businesses, institutions.
Points that bring well-defined working paths. Here are a few. Do we have to have national (or European) subsistence minimums on some productions such as medical and health care? How do we bring our productions home or do we further encourage private savings to invest in the country's real economy?
And, again, how do we accelerate the works considered strategic for the country, perhaps extending quick solutions such as the now common lexicon of the 'Morandi bridge'? How do we follow up on this unique season of union relations if not with a review of the constitutional indication of 'worker participation'?
A long and overall vision that is today, as never before, made its own by citizenship and which therefore has its intimate and broad consensus. And that, precisely for this reason, imposes a political leadership capable of identifying the areas of intervention, indicating the lines of action, preparing the institutions for the moment in which they will have to be on the front line. No longer to parry the emergency this time, but to promote an even more lasting and structured relaunch of the country than what was the economic “miracle” of the reconstruction after 1945.
While the government faces the emergency with all efforts, there must be parallel work: on tomorrow. For this you need to create one Task force dedicated. A board of experts with a restricted, interdisciplinary, authoritative composition which, in direct connection with the Prime Minister and the Minister for Economic Development, begins to think about our industrial future.
And, that is, to outline the terms of a recovery that, inevitably, will have to involve the entire rearrangement of public-private relations, given the need for a major public action: never as today is the key to a very difficult restart.
A reflection that must be conducted in close connection with Europe. It would be a tragic paradox if – after years in which we repeat that in a globalized world, Europe is indispensable because each of us is too small 'Staterello' – the result of what has become the global event par excellence, leads to Union crisis and the rebirth of particularisms and small glances.