Alcohol harms the unborn child in the womb. Even small amounts can have negative consequences for the child. Pregnant women should therefore completely avoid beer, wine, sparkling wine or high-proof alcohol – in every phase of pregnancy. Alcohol is also hidden in some foods.
The growing embryo is supplied with all nutrients and oxygen through the mother's bloodstream via the umbilical cord. Alcohol, cigarettes and drugs are therefore taboo during pregnancy – the mother has a special responsibility during the nine months to ensure that the baby develops healthily.
Overview of article content:
Why is alcohol harmful during pregnancy?
Alcohol is – as is nicotine – a cell poison that can seriously damage the organism. Unborn babies are particularly at risk from alcohol. The child has to drink with every glass and has the same alcohol level as the mother within a few minutes. While adults can compensate for the damaging effects in many places, the baby, which develops rapidly in the womb within nine months, is exposed to the toxin without protection. In the worst case, the consequences of alcohol consumption during pregnancy can be one miscarriage cause.
The extent to which the child is actually harmed by alcohol during pregnancy cannot be predicted. It depends on the amount, the time and the regularity of alcohol consumption. Age, constitution, genetic makeup, diet and lifestyle of the mother also have an influence. Doctors do not agree whether a very small amount of alcohol may be harmless during pregnancy. Women who really do not want to take any risk are therefore completely without alcohol to the point of birth on the safe side.
When is alcohol most harmful in pregnancy?
Doctors assume that there are days that are more critical than others. If the unborn child is experiencing a strong developmental boost, even low alcohol consumption may have a very unfavorable effect on the child.
Consequences of alcohol in pregnancy
The alcohol consumed can have serious consequences for the unborn child – at any time during pregnancy. Since the various organ systems develop at certain times during the nine months, the occasional drinking of beer, Wine, sparkling wine or other alcoholic beverages already have a negative impact on the healthy prenatal development of the baby.
Alcohol risks during pregnancy at a glance:
- Miscarriage and premature birth
- congenital heart defects and organ abnormalities
- Abnormalities, limb, skeletal and facial abnormalities
- Central nervous system disorders
- Lower birth weight, smaller size at birth
- Growth disturbances in the womb
- generally lagging development (defective birth)
These deficits caused by mother's alcohol consumption during pregnancy are summarized under the term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). These are congenital, irreversible damages. Depending on the form, the affected children can lag significantly in their development and be permanently impaired. This shows, for example, mental developmental delays, learning disabilities and language disorders as well as physical deficiency developments. The children are often smaller and thinner, have vision or hearing problems, or are difficult to calm down.
Also ADHD can be a result of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. The more alcohol consumed during pregnancy, the greater the risk for the unborn child to develop fetal alcohol syndrome.
Alcohol consumption in early pregnancy
The first three months of pregnancy are particularly important for the healthy development of the embryo. Many women who do not know at the beginning that they are pregnant are worried that a glass of wine or sparkling wine can harm the child. These concerns are partially justified. However, the body can reject an egg cell that is severely damaged and not viable in the first few weeks according to the “all-or-nothing principle”. The woman notices this from a – possibly late – menstrual period.
The time from the fifth to the 12th week of pregnancy is particularly critical for external disturbances. In this section of pregnancy, the main organ structures and the nervous system are created. Alcohol and other toxins can disrupt this important development phase. That is why doctors advise women who want to get pregnant to abstain from the start.
At the latest when Make the first signs of pregnancy noticeable and the pregnancy test is positive, alcohol should be avoided. If alcohol was unwittingly drunk in the first few weeks or in early pregnancy, the woman should talk to the gynecologist about this.
Hidden alcohol in food
Food that contains small amounts of alcohol through the manufacturing process or through natural fermentation is harmless to pregnant women. This applies, for example, to baked goods, sauerkraut or juices. Those who like to put sauces off with wine and flavor cakes with a high percentage do not have to do without them if the dishes are sufficiently cooked through or baked. Then the alcohol evaporates. Chocolates with liqueur filling are not recommended, for other industrially produced foods you should read the list of ingredients.
Non – alcoholic beer and wine in the pregnancy?
In most cases, beers labeled as alcohol-free beers or wines are not an alternative for pregnant women. For example, beers labeled as “alcohol-free” can contain up to 0.5% alcohol by volume. Because of the possibly existing residual alcohol, these drinks are not suitable for pregnant women and also not for dry alcoholics. Beer drinks are only completely free of alcohol if they are labeled “without alcohol” on the label.
Alcohol in mouthwashes during pregnancy
Mouthwashes containing alcohol are harmless. The oral mucosa is permeable to alcohol, but the amounts are so small that they are not significant. In addition, the products are not swallowed. If you want to be on the safe side, use alcohol-free mouthwashes for oral care during pregnancy.
(Embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=59UffwTRtmc (/ embed)