China has proposed a radical change to the way the Internet works. China's proposal in collaboration with Huawei's telecommunications division claims to allow the use of new cutting-edge technologies such as holograms and autonomous cars.
In particular, Huawei and other Chinese state-owned companies such as China Unicom and China Telecom, as well as the country's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), have proposed a new standard called “New IP” to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). ).
China's proposal has drawn up countries like Russia and possibly Saudi Arabia, but the United Kingdom, Sweden and the US disagree as they believe the new system will disrupt the current global network and provide state-owned providers with tools to control them. of citizens.
According to Huawei, which did not disclose names, some countries have helped develop technology for the new Internet architecture that may be in trial in 2021. In addition, Huawei argues that the Internet's structure needs to change as TCP / IP is unstable and inadequate to meet the demands of the digital world in 2030.
As for security now, Huawei claims that it has not integrated control technology yet, but the cyber security company Oxford Information Labs warns that the “New IP” standard will allow detailed network-based controls and this will affect security. and human rights.
TCP / IP
The current structure of the internet, designed a century ago and functions like a postal system. The messages are sent in small packets and each packet has the IP address of the computer it wants to reach. The packages are then assembled in the correct order. This process is called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and in combination with IP protocol, the Internet is called TCP / IP.
The New IP standard
Huawei describes the “New IP” standard as a dynamic IP address system, and the network will be broken down into several separate networks such as private communications networks. New IP will allow devices that are on the same network to connect without having to send information over the Internet.
Concern for the New IP
So the concern is how much control governments can exert through IP addresses. Some say the network will have “tracking features” that will be responsible for authentication and approval of new addresses added to the network as well as packets sent to the web.