(TESLA) Faced with a shortage of artificial respirators, essential for treating patients with coronavirus, Tesla will reopen its New York factory to produce these medical devices.
(Article updated on March 26, 2020 at 11:17 am) While Tesla's factories in China and the United States are closed to limit the spread of the coronavirus, Elon Musk wants to reopen one of them, that of New York, to help fight the epidemic. The executive director of the company indeed wants to produce artificial respirators, which the United States is sorely lacking. The mayor of New York, Bill de Blasio said that there were several thousand missing in his city, by apostrophing Elon Musk on Twitter to ask her for help. The South African now says on the social network that he intends to reopen his New York factory “as soon as possible” and that his work to start making masks “is progressing well”. Obviously, Tesla has no competence in the matter, but the manufacturer has signed an agreement with the world leader in the sector, Medtronic, to produce its products in the Tesla factory. Other American car manufacturers, such as GM and Ford, are also in the process of adapting certain factories to put them at the service of the production of artificial respirators.
Giga New York will reopen for ventilator production as soon as humanly possible. We will do anything in our power to help the citizens of New York.
– Elon Musk (@elonmusk) March 25, 2020
It has already been sixteen years since Tesla embarked on its quest for a high-end electric car. The automaker was founded in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, who will be quickly joined by his emblematic and current leader, Elon Musk. The name of the company comes from Nikola Tesla, inventor of genius in electricity and mechanics. The company has forced all the major manufacturers to get serious about electrics. After a very difficult period in 2018, marked by production and then delivery difficulties, Tesla succeeded in 2019 in increasing the rate of construction and sale of its vehicles. The company must now prove that it can maintain these levels over the long term. News, prices, models, stores in France… here is everything you need to know about Tesla.
Tesla has been present in France since 2010, the date of the opening of its first hexagonal store in Paris. The manufacturer is based on a direct sales model to customers on the Internet or in its stores. Since its arrival, Tesla has expanded its presence in France. In addition to Paris, the manufacturer now has stores in Chambourcy, Le Chesnay, Vélizy-Villacoublay, Nantes, Bordeaux, Aix-en-Provence, Nice and Lyon. Potential customers can test and order a vehicle there. Sales representatives are also present in Lille, Rennes, Toulouse, and Strasbourg.
Tesla has established an extensive electrical charging network in the country. It is made up of both its home charging stations, Superchargers, and charging sites with partner companies, such as hotels or shopping centers. Their location can be viewed on the Tesla website. The map below lists all the Tesla network chargers in France.
Click on “enlarge the map” then zoom in on the territory you are interested in to see them displayed.
In France, Tesla's sales are confidential, but still growing strongly. So, while the brand had sold 1,252 vehicles in 2018 (according to car registration data), it sold 3,730 just between January and June 2019. A nice growth due to the arrival on the market French model 3, the cheapest Tesla. It has also become the second best-selling electric car in France, still far behind Renault's Zoé (8,877 registrations between January and June 2019).
here are the price of the models marketed by Tesla in France. The final bill can vary greatly depending on the choice of options, in particular the batteries and the addition of the “fully autonomous” driving mode (in reality semi-autonomous, optional at 6,300 euros). All prices take into account an ecological bonus of 6000 euros.
- Tesla Model 3 price: from 42,600 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Tesla Model S price: from 85,000 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Tesla Model X price: from 90,700 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Tesla Roadster price: from 172,000 euros (ecological bonus included).
|Model||Starting price||Autonomy||time 0-100 km / h||Max speed|
|Model 3||€ 42,600||355 – 500 km||3.5 – 5.6 seconds||210 – 250 km / h|
|Model S||€ 85,000||416-540 km||2.5 – 4.2 seconds||225 – 250 km / h|
|Model X||€ 90,700||417 – 542 km||3.1 – 5.2 seconds||210 – 250 km / h|
|Roadster||€ 172,000||1000 km||2.1 seconds||400 km / h|
The most affordable of all Tesla's, the Model 3, is a sedan with a range of 350 kilometers, according to Tesla. Available from 42,600 euros (ecological bonus included) in France, it should allow Tesla to impose the electric car on the general public. Its first deliveries started in February 2019 in Europe.
This car is of great interest: more than 450,000 reservations were registered by the company before the vehicle was even released. But it is also a huge challenge, because Tesla's success now depends on its ability to quickly reach huge production capacities, which the major global manufacturers have taken decades to perfect, in order to fulfill all these orders. Tesla repeatedly missed its weekly and quarterly production targets in 2018, but improved significantly in late 2018 and 2019. In mid-October 2018, the automaker surpassed 100,000 Model 3 ex-works, after Tesla Model 3 Tracker, a model for estimating its production developed by Bloomberg. It will have taken Tesla a year and a half to reach this figure, since the start of production of the Model 3. A speed of execution much higher than the production rates of the Model S and Model X, which shows the progress of Tesla on the matter. Then it announced that it had beaten its production record, with more than 87,000 vehicles built in the second quarter of 2019 alone, including 77,000 units just for the Model 3. But Tesla is still far from having become a large industrial automobile. For comparison, the 20 largest manufacturers in the world produce between 1 and 10 million cars per year each.
- Starting price : 42,600 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Autonomy: Between 355 and 500 kilometers
- Time to go from 0 to 100 km / h: 3.5 to 5.6 seconds
- Maximum speed : 210 to 250 km / h.
The Model S is the first sedan designed by Tesla, whose deliveries began in 2012 in the United States. It is larger and much more expensive than the Model 3, with a first price of 85,000 euros. The Model S benefits in return from a higher power and autonomy (450 kilometers with the first price battery), and can take advantage of the Supercharger electric charging network for free, while the owners of Model 3 will have to pay. It also has a better on-board screen, a larger trunk and additional technologies.
- Starting price : 85,000 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Autonomy: Between 416 and 540 kilometers
- Time to go from 0 to 100 km / h : 2.5 to 4.2 seconds
- Maximum speed : 225 to 250 km / h.
Tesla's luxury SUV. The Model X is the most spacious Tesla, with a cabin that can accommodate up to seven people. It is known for its Falcon rear doors, which open from bottom to top, rather than laterally like on most vehicles, and facilitate parking in tight spaces.
- Starting price : 90,700 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Autonomy: Between 417 and 542 kilometers
- Time to go from 0 to 100 km / h : 3.1 to 5.2 seconds
- Maximum speed : 210 to 250 km / h.
Tesla is preparing a crossover (between sedan and SUV), the Model Y. Unveiled in March 2019, it should go into production in the first half of 2020. The vehicle is already available for booking in France, although it will not be delivered before 2022 in Europe. The Model Y is in an intermediate price range between the Model 3 and the luxurious Model S and X, with a first price at 58,000 euros (ecological bonus included).
- Starting price : 58,000 euros (ecological bonus included)
- Autonomy: Between 368 and 540 kilometers
- Time to go from 0 to 100 km / h : 3.5 to 5.9 seconds
- Maximum speed : 192 to 240 km / h.
The very first Tesla, marketed between 2008 and 2012. It was with this sports car that the company began to demonstrate that electric cars could achieve performance comparable to that of thermal cars. Its design is the result of a partnership with the British manufacturer Lotus. Tesla has announced the marketing in 2020 of a new Roadster from 172,000 euros. The racing car would be able to reach 100 km per hour in 2.1 seconds and exceed 400 km per hour at maximum speed, all with the promise of a range of 1000 km.
- Starting price : 172,000 euros
- Autonomy: 1000 kilometers
- Time to go from 0 to 100 km / h: 2.1 seconds
- Maximum speed : 400 km / h.
For drivers who would like to acquire additional options for less money or get their hands on a vehicle quickly, the company offers on its site Used Tesla – Model S and Model X – as well as exhibition models cheap. However, this should not be seen as a way to get a Tesla at a bargain price: offers start at almost 90,000 euros, more expensive than the Model S without options.
It is one of the flagship functions of the brand, previously optional and now present as standard on all its vehicles (except the Model Y not yet released). It is a level 2 semi-autonomous driving mode, which allows the vehicle to drive on its own, to stay on a lane, or to manage the jerky traffic in traffic jams on single routes like the motorway. . However, the driver must keep his hands on the steering wheel. . Unlike other manufacturers, Tesla made the choice to offer this functionality very quickly, starting in 2015, in order to improve it in real conditions and acquire a maximum of data to prepare more sophisticated levels of autonomous driving.
In late 2018, Tesla released an improved version of the Autopilot, which it calls “fully autonomous driving”. It manages lane changes on motorways, as well as the inserts and exits of these sections, as well as overtaking of vehicles. Automatic parking and parking exit features have also been added. However, this set of functions is far from constituting “fully autonomous driving”, as Tesla recognizes on its website: “Current functionality requires active monitoring by the driver and does not make the vehicle autonomous. use of these unattended features depends on reliability proven by billions of kilometers of testing to be significantly better than that of human drivers, as well as regulatory approval, which may take longer in some countries . “
To go even further, Tesla boss Elon Musk has promised that by 2020, his vehicles will be fully autonomous, which will allow Tesla to launch its own autonomous hybrid bike service, or even offer Tesla owners to earn money by transforming their vehicles into self-driving taxis. An announcement greeted with a lot of skepticism by the experts of the autonomous driving, so much this promise seems impossible to keep, as well for technological reasons as regulatory. Even in the United States, however very liberal on the subject.
To better understand how Tesla's driving assistance works and the decisions it makes, a hacker and a member of the Tesla Motor Club reproduced the vision of a Tesla during a trip through Paris. The software classifies its entire environment: other vehicles on the road, but also those on the sidewalk, just like pedestrians. The program must also spot the markings on the ground in real time, which allows the vehicle to stay on track automatically. These types of systems are the basis of all driver assistance technologies (ADAS), but also of autonomous driving, although more sophisticated.
(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1MHGUC_BzQ (/ embed)
However, Tesla's marketing around this functionality, even to the name of “autopilot”, seems to have suggested to users that their vehicle was already fully automone. The automaker's cars have been implicated in several accidents, some fatal, in which drivers disregarded the vehicle's warnings and did not resume driving control as the machine instructed them. System failures have also resulted in fatal accidents. As when in 2016 an American motorist struck a vehicle arriving on his right, and that the car had not detected. Tesla then accused its supplier of obstacle detection and emergency braking systems, Mobileye, and then separated from it.
Another important differentiating element from its competitors, Tesla designs and produces its own batteries. This is a crucial element of its R&D, because improving the autonomy of the batteries, and therefore the distance covered in a charge, is a major criterion for buyers. This know-how has even enabled the company to diversify: it now sells its batteries, Powerpack and Powerwall separately in order to store the electricity produced by solar panels in homes and businesses.
Since the acquisition of SolarCity (another company controlled by Elon Musk) in 2016, Telsa also offers its own solar panels. Or more precisely “solar tiles” resembling traditional roofs, but capable of transforming solar energy into electricity. These production and storage systems are even starting to be used on islands, such as Samoa, which are not connected to the electricity grid and have hitherto relied on diesel generators to supply electricity.
But this solar panel business is currently struggling to take off. To try to revive it, Tesla began testing a new economic model in August 2019. In six American states, the company offers solar panels in the form of monthly subscriptions, between 50 and 250 dollars (225 euros) depending on the size panels and the desired power. Their installation is free, but not dismantled: the customer will have to pay a fee of $ 1,500 if he no longer wishes to use Tesla's solar panels.
Accustomed to thunderous declarations and exaggerations of all kinds, Elon Musk seems this time to have crossed a limit, that of the strict rules which frame the communication of listed companies. The American stock market policeman, the SEC, filed a complaint against the CEO of Tesla on September 27, 2018 for fraud and requested that he be removed from office at the head of Tesla. In August of the same year, Elon Musk had announced his intention to get Tesla out of the stock market at a price of 420 dollars per share. And to assert that he had secured the funds allowing this operation with investors. He had finally recognized that he did not really have the funds, before abandoning his plan completely.
Am considering taking Tesla private at $ 420. Funding secured.
– Elon Musk (@elonmusk) August 7, 2018
But the SEC has not forgotten. Because the fact of falsely ensuring having secured funds can be considered as a manipulation of investors, who may have been induced to buy stocks or not sell theirs, put in confidence by this declaration. SEC complaint says Elon Musk's announcement surprised even his own teams: twelve minutes after his first tweet on August 7, the director of investor relations contacted Musk's chief of staff for him ask if the ad was real. Between this tweet and the end of September, the Tesla stock lost 20% of its value. Elon Musk finally came to a compromise with the SEC: he and his company will have to pay $ 20 million each. The South African was also forced to let go of his power a bit. Tesla CEO almost from the start, he's now just CEO. He was replaced in November 2018 as chairman of the board by Robyn Denholm, already a member of the Tesla board. She was previously financial and strategic director of the Australian telecom group Telstra, a position she left to devote herself full-time to Tesla.
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