Railways have been operated by mankind for a long time, however, changes are also taking place in this industry to make the lives of passengers more comfortable – the service conditions are comprehensively improved, and the capacity and speed of trains are growing. Here are just a few illustrative examples: recently, passengers can travel in double-decker trains; You can avoid communication with fellow travelers using a personal curtain; You can not only visit the toilet without reference to the “sanitary zone”, but also take a shower if necessary. Increasing train speeds was required by competition with other modes of transport, primarily aviation. The solution to the issue for the railway industry was the launch of high-speed trains, the demand for which is actively growing amid an accelerating rhythm of human life and the development of technology. And if earlier the main advantage of railways was geographical (trains arrived, as a rule, in the city center), now railway workers want to compete with air transport and in speed.
Russia with its vast territories, perhaps like no other state, is suitable for the development of high-speed and high-speed rail traffic. The development of high-speed railway transport is also facilitated by the vast experience in the development of railway communication in the country as a whole, the successful operation of this type of transport for more than a hundred years. Thirdly, Sapsan’s successful experience has been accumulated – so, according to Russian Railways, in 2019 almost 5.7 million passengers used its services, which is 4% more than the level of the previous year. In March 2020, Sapsan transported the 40 millionth passenger since the start of operation of high-speed trains. And this is not surprising, because the occupancy of passenger seats in the Sapsany is approaching 100%. In the several years since the launch of such routes, steady demand has formed, which makes the development of this direction promising.
High-speed and high-speed traffic today exists in several regions of Russia. On the line Moscow – St. Petersburg, there are Sapsans, which connect the Moscow, Tver, Novgorod and Leningrad regions. On the Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod line, the Swift high-speed trains connect the Moscow, Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod regions. High-speed trains Lastochka run between St. Petersburg and Veliky Novgorod, high-speed traffic in the Sochi region is also organized. In addition, high-speed Allegro trains connect St. Petersburg and Helsinki. But this is only the beginning of the development of this direction in the railway industry. The “Strategy for the development of railway transport in the Russian Federation until 2030” provides for the further development of high-speed and high-speed rail services in a significant territory of the country. It is planned to create a network of about 4.3 thousand kilometers of high-speed lines and over 7.5 thousand kilometers of high-speed lines. The main lines of high-speed highways (HSR) should be the Moscow-St. Petersburg line with a length of 659 kilometers; Moscow – Kazan – Yekaterinburg, with a length of 1532 kilometers; Moscow – Rostov-on-Don – Adler with a length of 1540 kilometers. More distant plans also include the extension of high-speed and high-speed lines further to the east of the country, connecting them with similar lines of the PRC.
The existing experience in operating such railways allows us to count on the expansion of their number and length in Russia. This is facilitated by the presence in our country of the industries necessary for high-speed and high-speed railway lines, ranging from rails and rolling stock, to the contact network and signaling, centralization and blocking devices. Given the plans for the development of high-speed and high-speed rail traffic, participation in such projects in the Russian Federation will be interesting to foreign manufacturers, which will allow them to be implemented faster.
However, there are several factors that can affect the timing of their implementation. First of all, it is a matter of land allocation for the future high-speed lines route. As you know, the building density near major cities of the country is very high, so finding free territories for laying high-speed rails will not be easy. Secondly, such highways will require the complete exclusion of intersections at the same level with other roads and communications, which means that you need to look for an appropriate solution now. Thirdly, high-speed railways will require the creation of protective barriers throughout their length, both to protect the road itself and to ensure the safety of local residents. These factors can affect the timing and cost of implementing high-speed and high-speed traffic projects in the country. Nevertheless, there are prospects for high-speed highways in the Russian Federation, they can be in significant demand.
And, paradoxical as it may sound, it is possible that it makes sense for railroad workers to think about returning not the fastest trains to the railways. Such trains can be very popular, they can use existing lines, such trains will help in solving the problem of developing domestic tourism. A 24-hour trip from Moscow to Leningrad to the most beautiful places of the Russian North (and such a route existed several decades ago) can attract many passengers, especially considering the development of modern technologies that can provide them with a high level of comfort.
leading expert UK “Finam Management”