Emergency measures following traffic explosion
Secure platform stability in member countries
4 steps of preparation-response-recovery-mitigation
Blackout Prevention Guidelines
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has issued a 'National Emergency Communication Plan (NETP) Recommendation (Guideline)' in response to Corona 19 for global countries. This is an emergency measure based on the judgment that if the explosion of data traffic, including underdeveloped countries, is prolonged, it may be fatal to the telecommunications connection to advanced countries such as the European Union.
The ITU has announced that it is urgently providing NETP recommendations to increase the speed and efficiency of the international community's response to the Corona 19 crisis.
The objective is to present standardized national policies and procedures for member countries to maintain the stability of information and communication technology (ICT) networks and service platforms in the disaster management process. He decided to act as an international organization to act as an international organization under the judgment that an unexpected explosion in data traffic such as Corona 19 or a war or disaster could lead to a blackout.
The recommendation divided the stages of telecommunication disaster into △ preparation, △ response, △ recovery, and mitigation, and defined the roles and strategies of each government, telecommunications company, and global support organization to ensure communication availability in stages.
The ITU emphasized the importance of prioritizing data traffic to carriers and prioritizing services such as emergency alerts.
In the preparation stage, it was proposed to have an early warning system through stable monitoring of data traffic and communication network status.
During the disaster phase, it was ordered that the network temporary capacity and services should be able to be rapidly deployed according to the service priority specified in advance. Given the minimum amount of information that protects people's lives, the carriers advised that they should be able to secure a standardized-based emergency messaging (CAP) system and assign the highest priority to the network and deliver it to the public.
The ITU believes that the speed and effectiveness of emergency response depends on the availability of communications to exchange information as quickly as possible. It is noted that the ITU's recognition of the differential distribution of network capacity according to the priority of service is a part that can lead to the expansion of the traffic management authority of the telecommunication companies in the event of a disaster.
The ITU advised governments around the world to include telecommunication disasters in the national emergency system and to secure independent budgets.
It is judged that the government's legitimacy to intervene in the telecommunications disaster is necessary for rapid government intervention. In the event of an emergency, it was proposed to emphasize the main risk areas based on laws and regulations, and to have a governance model to carry out equipment, manpower, and financing according to legitimate procedures prescribed by laws.
He also advised that if it is difficult to respond at the national level, it is possible to obtain assistance from international organizations such as the ITU and the International Emergency Telecommunications Organization (ETC) and emergency communication equipment and personnel.
The ITU Emergency Communication Plan is in line with the Ministry of Science and ICT's Communication Disaster Management Plan.
The ITU believes that many countries, including major developed countries such as Japan, the United States, and the EU, do not have manuals for responding to physical infringement or temporary traffic explosion. This is a proof that the international community's interest in the economic and social impacts and ripple effects of the telecommunication disaster can increase, as revealed in the fire incident at KT's Ahyeon branch in Korea.
“The Corona 19 crisis that the world is experiencing shows how important the ICT network and services are to respond to disaster management,” said ITU Secretary-General Hulin Zhao. We need to effectively share information between institutions and prioritize response efforts to save lives. ”
Staff Reporter Jisung Park firstname.lastname@example.org