No tickets, turnstiles, vending machines in Luxembourg's train, tram and bus stations. From March 3rd The Grand Duchy it is the first country in the world to offer free public transport nationwide for everyone.
Free public transport entered into force to reduce traffic congestion and related pollution problems (Luxembourg has a ratio of almost 7 vehicles for every 10 inhabitants, it ranks first among the European states with more cars per inhabitant) but the measure was basically applied to reduce existing social disparities in the country. Although Luxembourg has the highest wages in Europe, economic inequalities have grown exponentially in recent years. According to official data, 13% of the active population and 10% of pensioners are at risk of poverty.
In order to alleviate this socio-economic situation, the government has taken some measures to reduce the gap between rich and poor: increase the minimum wage and implement free public transport.
Already in 2018, the coalition government launched its promise to implement sustainable mobility throughout the territory and finally, on March 1st, the legislation offering free public transport entered into force. In this way, both the Luxembourgers, the nearly 200,000 workers living outside Luxembourg and the more than 1 million tourists a year who visit this state will not have to pay to board the country's buses, trams or trains.
Other notable and similar examples are the measures taken in cities like Tallinn (Estonia) , Hasselt (Belgium) o Vienna (Austria), where public transport was the pillar to promote sustainable mobility and urban ecology.
Important and courageous examples for all the cities that are trying to plan the post-pandemic era.