Amelanchier laevis, the smooth serviceberry, is a beautiful, small tree with a neat and harmonious shape. Its abundant flowers are slightly fragrant, its foliage is colored in spring and then takes on warm colors in autumn. Melliferous, it also produces good berries.
Latin name Amelanchier laevis
Synonyms Amelanchier oblongifolia, Mespilus canadensis
Origin North America
Flowering end of April
Typesmall edible fruit tree or shrub
Height6 9 m
Plant and cultivate
Hardiness very rustic, up to -30C
Exposure sunny partial shade
Acidity slightly neutral acid
Humidity normal slightly damp
useisolated in small parasol or multi-trunk tree, in hedge
Amelanchier laevis, the serviceberry is a small tree or shrub with foliage lapsed belonging to the family Rosaceae. He is from eastern North America. It believes in open areas on the edge of the forest or around the marshes. The serviceberry draws a small tree whose silhouette is neat, which you can easily mold. Ideal for planting in a small garden, it has a different appeal for the 4 seasons.
Description of the serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis is of medium growth. Narrow when young, it develops a more rounded and flared crown when it ages. It can then peak at 9 m in height for a span of 6 m. This species is remarkable when driven in tall tree (by removing supernumerary trunks and low branches) or in multiple trunks, but well cleared: these forms then highlight its gray and smooth bark.
Its leaves are elliptical, with a rounded base. It buds more or less at the same time or after flowering, in a pink or bronze shade sometimes quite pronounced. More ordinary during the summer, this foliage ignites red and orange in autumn, quite early in the season.
The flowers, simple and 4 to 5 cm wide, are white, with 5 petals, lightly scented. They are visited by many insects, including bees and butterflies, mellifers and nectarifers.
Self-fertile, they then give rise to false berries, wide enough for the kind (up to 18 mm), bluish purple, edible and with a pleasant taste. These Saskatoon berries are ripe in July, but can be eaten by birds before they can be tasted.
Some horticultural varieties of serviceberry:
- Amelanchier laevis ‘Cumulus’ is often grown as a single stem, sometimes grafted. It shows a very beautiful flowering and a remarkable fall foliage.
- Amelanchier laevis ‘Prince Charles’ has a more vertical bearing. Its new leaves are bronze, dark, its autumn foliage is red. It makes good fruit.
- Amelanchier laevis ‘Snowcloud’ is more tedious. It has beautiful fruits and its leaves turn bright orange in autumn.
- Amelanchier laevis ‘Snowflakes’ has larger flowers
- Amelanchier laevis ‘R.J. Hilton 'has a lot of charm, because it is pink in bud.
How to cultivate the serviceberry?
Very tolerant and undemanding, Amelanchier laevis supports just about anything except flooded or too dry ground. However, he prefers a acidic humus soil, and especially fruit better and color more in autumn if its exposure East sunny. It is transplanted in autumn and resumes easily.
When it is carried out in small tree, its stump shoots and secondary low branches will be removed as they appear.
Used as a hedge, it can on the contrary be coppiced. Serviceberry laevis is not afraid of size, and even responds favorably to it. It should preferably be pruned just after flowering.
How to multiply the serviceberry?
Rooted shoots, therefore at least 2 years old, can be successfully transplanted in November.
Species and varieties of Amelanchier
The genus includes 26 species of deciduous trees and shrubs
- Amelanchier canadensis, serviceberry of Canada
- Amelanchier lamarckii, service of Lamarck
- Amelanchier arborea, great serviceberry
- Amelanchier stolonifera, stoloniferous serviceberry
- Amelanchier ovalis, a Provencal species
- Amelanchier x grandiflora, horticultural hybrid
Plants of the same genus